Bone pain treatment
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Definition of bone pains
Bone pain is a deep, aching pain in bones that is constantly present, regardless of motion. It is often a result of an injury or a sign of a serious condition. Bone pain can also be caused by a mineral deficiency, infection, hormone disorders, cancer or leukemia. Leukemia is a cancer of the bone marrow, which is found in most bones and produces bone cells.
The condition can also result from mineral deficiencies, such as insufficient calcium or vitamin D, and osteoporosis. Sickle cell anemia may also result in bone pain as it disrupts the blood supply to bones, resulting in the death of bone tissue. Pregnant women may also experience bone pain, especially in the pelvic area.
Symptoms and causes
Accompanying symptoms of bone pain depend on its cause, and treatment usually depends on the underlying cause as well. Typical symptoms from an injury include swelling, fractures and pain. Bone pain resulting from osteoporosis may also cause back pain and a stooped posture or even a loss of height.
Bone pain from cancers may be accompanied by a wide range of symptoms including headache, seizures, jaundice and chest pain. Joint pain may accompany bone pain, especially in the case of sickle cell anemia. An infection may cause redness, swelling, and warmth at the infection site, as well as a decreased range of motion. Finally, patients with leukemia may also experience fatigue, shortness of breath, pale skin and weight loss.
Physicians must determine the underlying cause of bone pain before enacting a treatment plan. Blood tests can detect mineral deficiencies, cancer, infections or other disorders. Doctors may also use X-rays, MRIs or CT scans to search for injuries, lesions or tumors. Antibiotics can treat an infection; corticosteroids can reduce inflammation, and analgesics can be prescribed to manage pain. In addition to chemotherapy, radiation and surgery, bisphosphonates may be used for patients with cancer.
Patients with osteoporosis are encouraged to increase consumption of calcium and vitamin D. Calcium is found in dairy products and green vegetables as well as supplements. Vitamin D is found in eggs, fish and fish oil; your body also produces vitamin D in response to sunlight.