Chronic pains and fibromyalgia
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What is chronic pains?
Chronic pain and fibromyalgia is a condition whose primary symptoms are extreme fatigue and body-wide pain. The condition and its symptoms can lead to many related problems, including sleep disorders, memory problems, depression, and anxiety.
The cause is unknown. In some patients, the condition develops after a traumatic event. In others, symptoms accumulate gradually over time. While there is no known cure for chronic pain and fibromyalgia, the condition can be managed. It is often managed through a combination of medication and talks therapy.
Symptoms of fibromyalgia
Extreme fatigue and body-wide pain typically present as symptoms of fibromyalgia in patients between the ages of 30 and 55, although the disease has been known to occur in children. The pain is often described as widespread muscular aches, pain and tenderness.
Although this pain can present in any muscle of the body, it is often located in the abdomen, back or neck. Pain may increase at night. Fibromyalgia can lead to a host of other problems, including restless leg syndrome, endometriosis, nausea, depression, anxiety, irritability, headaches, and bowel problems.
To be diagnosed with chronic pain and fibromyalgia, a patient must have experienced widespread pain for at least three months. Physicians may rule out other conditions through blood tests. While there is no known cure for fibromyalgia, the condition can be managed through stress reduction and through prescriptions of drugs such as pain relievers, antidepressants (duloxetine, milnacipran) and anti-seizure medication (pregabalin).
Physical therapy is recommended, especially activities such as swimming. Counseling can help patients identify and reduce the impact of stressful situations, which may increase symptoms of fibromyalgia.