Soft tissue and muscles diseases treatment
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Tennis Elbow is a type of tendinitis occurring in the elbow. As athletes are commonly affected by tendinitis, this form is named after the sport of tennis which involves repetitive use of and stress on the elbow.
In tennis elbow, swelling and pain occur around the elbow joint. The condition may resolve itself or improve with rest or immobilization of the joint. Tennis elbow can also be treated with analgesics, NSAIDs, and corticosteroids.
Carpal Tunnel is caused by pressure pinching the median nerve which runs through the carpal tunnel in the wrist. It causes pain, weakness or numbness in the hand, wrist, or arm.
Usually found in adults, carpal tunnel is more likely to affect women. Repetitive motions or previous injuries to the wrist are risk factors. Immobilization, NSAIDs, corticosteroids and physical therapy are all commonly prescribed, and surgery can alleviate symptoms if the condition is not caught early enough.
Tendinitis is a swelling of the tendons which connect muscle to bone. It is common in athletes and others who perform repetitive motions. It most typically occurs in the ankle, knee, calf, thumb, wrist, hand, elbow, bicep or shoulder.
Tendinitis can resolve itself, especially if the affected area is rested or immobilized. The most common recommendation is “RICE” – rest, ice, compression, elevation. Analgesics, NSAIDs and corticosteroids are often prescribed as are physical or occupational therapies.
Bursitis occurs when the fluid-filled sac, called a bursa, that serves as a cushion between bones and tendons, muscle or skin becomes inflamed. It most typically occurs in the shoulder, elbow, hip, buttocks or calf.
Repetitive motion can increase the chances of developing bursitis; accordingly, athletes, musicians and manual laborers are all at increased risk. Bursitis may go away after time. Rest and the use of sprints or braces may be recommended. Analgesics and NSAIDs are also commonly used to treat bursitis.
Sciatica is pain caused by excess pressure on the sciatic nerve, usually caused by a herniated disc, bone spur or spinal stenosis. Pain originating in the lower spine usually radiates down the back of one leg. Inflammation and numbness can also be experienced.
Some cases of sciatica resolve through initial treatments, but severe cases may require surgery. Risk factors include aging, obesity, diabetes and careers that involve lifting, twisting or excessive sitting. Medication such as corticosteroids and muscle relaxers can improve symptoms.
Inflammatory Muscle Disease, also known as inflammatory myopathy, occurs when the immune system attacks muscles. It results in weakened and inflamed muscles and sometimes muscle pain. The condition can occur in children and adults, although different types of inflammatory myopathies affect different populations.
The cause is unknown. Symptoms include progressive weakness, fatigue, tripping, falling, and difficulty swallowing or breathing. While inflammatory myopathy cannot be cured, symptoms can be treated. Treatment plans include corticosteroids, immunosuppressants, topical gels, physical therapy and rest.